FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is a standard protocol used to transfer files between computers on a network. FTP allows users to connect to a server, authenticate with a username and password, and then transfer files from the server to their local computer or vice versa.
FTP operates over a client-server architecture, where the client is the program used by the user to connect to the server and transfer files, and the server is the program that receives the connection and manages the file transfer.
FTP is commonly used for website maintenance, where files such as HTML, CSS, and images are uploaded to a web server. It is also used for downloading large files, such as software updates or media files, from remote servers.
FTP has been widely used for many years, but it is becoming less popular due to security concerns and the emergence of more secure protocols such as SFTP and FTPS.